Candi Cangkuang is located in District Leles, Garut regency. The distance is about 18 kilometers from downtown Garut. Cangkuang temple is a relic of two religions, Hinduism and Islam.
Hindu relics there is a statue of Lord Shiva which is estimated to date from the VIII century. While the Islamic heritage comes from the XVII century and is the tomb of Eyang Embah Dalem Arief Muhammad. He was the first Muslim prophet in the region.
Artifacts at the site of Cangkuang Temple were discovered by archaeologist Uka Tjandrasasmita. He is guided by an ancient book that mentions the existence of historical relics on the site Cangkuang. The relics are statues of Lord Shiva and the tomb of Eyang Arief Muhammad found on December 9, 1966.
“At that time Mr. Uka and the team came here to dig and search for stones.The research on the foundation of the temple found next to Eyang meal measuring 4.5 x 4.5 square meters and 8.5 meters high,” said Umar was quoted as saying by the News Agency Between. He is a guide as well as residents who live around the temple.
Original stone temple found about 40 percent. The rest of the stone has been used by the surrounding community for the gravestone because the community is also not aware of the temple and the statue of Lord Shiva lying next to it.
The existing Hindu temple reliefs of Cangkuang Temple are only estimates considering the remnants of stone at the top of the temple are not found. The statue of Lord Shiva still exists and is now incorporated into the temple to seal a 7-meter deep hole which is thought to be a well-stocked storage shed.
Umar said research Candi Cangkuang is not yet complete. For example, who is the king’s relic? Because it is not found inscriptions that record about the history of the temple.
“So far known about Cangkuang Temple is only a Hindu relic of the eighth century made of stone and used worship and resting,” he said again.
Cangkuang Temple and the spread of Islam in Garut
Pulo Village as the first spreader of Islam in Cangkuang area, Eyang Embah Dalem Arief Muhammad also helped establish the civilization around it, which is a kampung adat by the name of Kampung Pulo.
In the beginning, Embah Dalem Arief Muhammad was the warlord of Mataram Kingdom assigned by Sultan Agung to attack the VOC in Batavia. However, due to losing and fear of getting sanctioned when returning to Mataram, Empa Dalem Arief Muhammad decided to hide in Cangkuang.
“While in the area, the people around Hinduism and animism and dynamism, the XVII century later the community was Islamized, gradually, since incense and offerings were still used,” said Umar.
Evidence of the propagation and teaching of Islam by Embah Dalem Arief Muhammad is exhibited in a small museum near the sacred tomb. In the museum there are manuscripts of the Qur’an from the XVII century from daluang or traditional paper from saeh tree trunk (Broussanetia papyrifera vent).
In addition, there is also a sermon of Idulfitri sermons of the same century along 167 centimeters containing the virtues of fasting and zakat fitrah.
Indigenous people who live in Pulo Village currently number 23 people consisting of 10 women and 13 men. They are the 8th, 9th, and 10th generation of Embah Dalem Arief Muhammad.
Building in Kampung Pulo consists of 6 houses and 1 musala. The amount is a symbol of the number of children Embah Dalem Arief Muhammad who has six daughters and one man.
The indigenous community of Kampung Pulo should not increase the head of the family so that if there are indigenous people who are married, they must build their family out of the village.
“If his father or mother is dead, he can re-enter the adat village to fill the void, but the one who gets the inheritance rights is the daughter because the one who continues the grandparent is a girl.The only man died when he is circumcised symbolized by musala, “explained Umar.
Prohibition in Kampung Pulo
The ban on adat is one of the unique things of the indigenous people of this village. This is the application of a number of customary restrictions mandated since the time of Eyang Embah Dalem Arief Muhammad as founder of Kampung Pulo.
The first ban, indigenous people should not make pilgrimage on Wednesday. The day is devoted to religious study and deepening of religious knowledge. “It should not be a pilgrimage on a Wednesday or Wednesday night because it was considered the best day to worship the statue of Lord Shiva,” said Umar.
Pulo villagers also can not keep large four-legged animals, such as cows, goats, and buffalo. That is, to maintain the cleanliness of the yard, plants, and tombs. surce : pesonagarut.com