Rheumatism is one of the most common diseases in the community. But one type of rheumatism is classified as dangerous and severe rheumatoid arthritis (AR). What are the symptoms like?
Rheumatoid arthritis is one type of autoimmune disease that is progressive, systemic, characterized by chronic inflammation of the joints and accompanied by other systemic symptoms such as fatigue.
“This disease not only attacks the joints, but also other body parts such as heart, kidneys, eyes, therefore including the most severe types of rheumatism and danger,” said Prof. Handono Kalim, MD in the Discussion of Clinical Trials of Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients with Drug Tocilizumab at Hotel Borobudur, Jakarta,
The exact cause of the disease is unknown. This disease occurs due to a series of inflammation in the body resulting from an autoimmune reaction. This autoimmune reaction occurs when the body’s immune system attacks itself. obat rematik ampuh
Prof Sandra T G Victorio-Navarra, MD, FPCP, FPRA from the University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines says the disease is long-term and chronic. Early onset of symptoms that appear similar to other diseases.
“It’s hard to wake up in the morning and take a long time to get up even up to an hour should not be ignored, because the longer the lower body functions.The activity of this disease is pain, stiffness and swelling,” said Prof. Sandra.
Some other symptoms that can be suspected as rheumatoid arthritis are:
The presence of pain in 3 joints or more for approximately 6 weeks
Increased blood rate
Pain in the hands and swelling
Knees feel hot and joint stiffness
“If the symptoms appear immediately suspect rheumatoid arthritis, do not wait for disabilities first,” said Dr. Rachmat Gunadi SpPD-KR from RS Hasan Sadikin Bandung.
The common complications affecting patients with rheumatoid arthritis are anemia so easily tired, as well as an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases such as the heart. But this disease can also attack the lungs, hematologik, blood vessels, bones, eyes, salivary glands and skin.
For that there are 4 important things in dealing with rheumatoid arthritis are:
Make an early diagnosis to prevent disability
Perform aggressive treatment, because the progression of this disease in some people fairly fast or progressive high
Try to achieve the condition of remission, which is a condition in which the activity of the disease is very low or become inactive
Can this disease be cured?
“Rheumatoid arthritis does not recognize complete recovery, but it can only make the disease calm or become inactive,” said Dr. Rachmat.
Drugs for this disease continues to grow, used drugs used as a drug for other diseases such as malaria drugs and anti-cancer drugs. Now the Tocilizumab drug is thought to be an effective drug.
“This drug is a biological agent in charge of inhibiting interleukin 6 (IL-6), IL-6 plays a role in the process of inflammation and damage to joints and other body parts,” he said.
This drug has been used in some countries such as Ametrika, Europe, Canada, Japan, Hongkong, Australia and China. While in Indonesia is still in the stage of clinical trials and awaiting approval from BPOM.
One of the patients with rheumatoid arthritis involved in clinical trials of this drug is Eva Febriyanti (19 years) who has been diagnosed with this disease 3 years ago. He develops after receiving a second infusion that can bend the knee, legs are not stiff and his body feel better.